Yes, let us go there!


Yes, there we go! Yes or No! Were there Traditional Sports in the XX1 Commonwealth Games?  I say, do you agree, that there were some Traditional Sports in the 2018 Commonwealth Games, at Gold Coast, Australia?



I know that those of us here in Africa, we have our indigenous traditional sports like Ayo, Abula, Aarin (African Billiards), Dambe (traditional boxing), Kokawa (traditional wrestling), Langa (a kind of marshal arts sport), Horse racing (Durbar), Abili, Mudesi, Gbadigbadi, Ekunmeran, Pharaoh boxing, Nsango etc. Was any one of these African Traditional Sports in the Commonwealth Games? No. certainly our African Traditional Sports were not there. This was because these were Traditional Sports from Africa. It was not just that alone. It was because these our Traditional Sports are still at the level of sports not yet “institutionalized”. Very  soon in this write up you will know what it means for a sport to be “institutionalized”. Some of our Traditional Sports have started to receive “treatment” or have started to receive “instrument” of “institutionalization”.


Now, let us go back to our initial question. Do you believe that there were Traditional Sports among the Commonwealth Games of 2018 at Gold Coast, Australia? I will rather prefer to answer the question with proof and not direct “Yes or No” answer. I will also answer the question from European point of view as elucidated by “TAFISA RECALL”.


The European Traditional Sports and Games Association (ETSGA) classified Traditional sports under eight divisions, according to TAFISA RECALL. The divisions  include:


  1. Malleable ball games, played without or with the use of equipment such as racket, bat stick. From this group, let us pick net ball as a traditional game in the current Commonwealth Games. Yes, it’s among.
  2. Non-malleable balls such as bowls, skittle games, billiards, etc. from that group, we can identify, Lawn bowl in the current Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast, Australia.
  3. Throwing games involving throwing objects such as darts, hammer, bullet, cabers etc. From this division, we can pick hammer which is in the current Commonwealth Games.
  4. Shooting games e.g. fire-arms, target shooting, blowpipes, sling etc. Shooting was among the sports in this just concluded 2018 Commonwealth Games.
  5. Fighting and jousting sports e.g. wrestling, drilling stone contest, quintana, tug-of-war etc. Wrestling was among the Commonwealth Games 2018.
  6. Animal games tagged (cruel games) where an animal is the object of play.
  7. Locomotion games, involving moving oneself or moving an object. Such sports may mean sports like running and throwing, the relay race etc.
  8. Acrobatics, which requires skillful body control e.g. Castells. Gymnastics can identify with this group.


It is cristal clear that there were Traditional Sports at this 2018 Commonwealth Games. However, all the Traditional Sports there have gotten to “institutionalized” level.


First, what is a Traditional Sport? By my own observation, Europe is not defining “a Traditional Sport”, rather in Europe; they define Traditional Sports in plurality. Most of the definitions available will tell you “Traditional Games” or more frequently “Traditional Sports and Games (TSG), thereafter using “TSG” as acronym for the vocabulary standing for Traditional Sports in their texts.


For example, TAFISA RECALL, featuring Blanchard (1995) as viewing Traditional Sports on anthropological point of view. “He saw TSG as forms of sports activities directly tied to particular local ethnic or folk cultures (ethnic or folk sport), mostly competitive with physical play and game-like elements with limited or no professional variants, with stronger ritual overtones than those so-called modern sports. In this respect, TSG preserved traditional values, developed the skills of participants and help to link the present with the past”.


TAFISA RECALL went further to give more comprehensive definition of Traditional Sports as: “Traditional games are motor activities of leisure and recreation which can have a ritual character. They are part of the universal heritage diversity. They are practiced in an individual or collective manner deriving from regional or local identity; they are based on rules accepted by a group that organizes competitive or non-competitive activities. Traditional games dispose of a popular character in their practice and in their organization, yet if turned into sport tend to be uniform and institutionalized. The practices of traditional games promote global health (UNESCO 2009)”.


The beauty of the definition is that it looks very simple, yet it is very sophiscated. It means, Traditional Sports are not “yet real sports” until “turned into sport tend to be uniform and institutionalized”. To my understanding, such traditional sports should have been developed, improved, with articulate universal rules and regulations (institutionalized). The sport becoming an “institution” must have received professional variants.


The Traditional Sport, graduating from that local level, to become a global sport (a real sport) is the main target of our African Traditional Sports.


Let us look at the real sports at this 2018 Commonwealth Games, Gold Coast Australia, (the XX1 Commonwealth Games). The approved sports include;

  1. Athletics
  2. Badminton
  3. Basketball
  4. Bowls
  5. Boxing
  6. Aquatics
  7. Hockey
  8. Rugby Seven
  9. Squash
  10. Table Tennis
  11. Volleyball
  12. Wrestling
  13. Cycling
  14. Gymnastics
  15. Netball
  16. Shooting
  17. Triathlon
  18. Weightlifting


All the above sports, were the approved sports of 2018 Commonwealth Games. Each of the sports listed above is an “institution” with professional variants.


What does it entail for a sport to be an institution, or to be institutionalized? To have professional variants? It may mean:


  • Should have possessed universally accepted rules and regulations
  • Has spread to many countries
  • Has spread to the countries that are participating in it
  • Has international controlling body
  • Has spread to most of all the continents of the world
  • Each country participating in it must have gotten to a level of proficiency that will make the team representing her not to be a misfit on the field of play
  • Techniques and technologies must have been injected into it after its initial raw invention and existence.
  • Capacity building must have been imbued into it.

Yes, let us go there and make our AfricanTraditional Sport get there.

Thank you.


Mallam Elias Yusuf

16 – 04 – 2018


This novel idea of Lagos becoming the HUB of Sports in Africa was muted on September 18, 2016 in a full page interview granted by a Foremost National Newspaper to Mr. Deji Tinubu [Late], the Pioneer Chairman, Lagos State Sports Commission who also doubled  as Special Adviser on Sports to the Executive Governor of Lagos State, His Excellency Mr. Akinwumi Ambode.



What is a HUB?

The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English otherwise known as THE LIVING DICTIONARY defines “hub” as the central and most important part of an area, system, activity etc. which all other parts are connected to. So, Lagos being HUB of SportS in Africa, the whole of Africa, not Africa South of Sahara, that is a dream to outclass Cairo, Johannesburg, Casablanca, Nairobi and Accra in sport development.


Late Mr. Deji Tinubu, granting the interview for his first year in office as the Chairman of Lagos State Sports Commission, described Lagos as a “state of over 20 million residents with over 60% of them being young people who can be recreational or professional athletes”. He viewed this gigantic project as covering facilities, programmes, events, resources and to be addressed on short, mid-term and long term basis. He said that his pronouncement was based on the passion that the Executive Governor of Lagos State, His Excellency Mr. Akinwunmi Ambode has for sports.


The phrase “passion for sports” seems to be very endemic with the current Governor and his predecessors in office. His immediate predecessor, even though, sports was not among his “ten points agenda”, his passion for sports could be confirmed through four major areas of achievements. (1) Sports-facilities (improvement and development) such as Teslim Balogun Campos Mini Stadium, Jalisco, Oshodi etc (2) Hosting the national sports festival EKO 2012  in less than normal two-year approval interval (3) Hosting of international sports events like Governor’s Cup on Tennis, international  marathons, hosting of Serena and Venus Williams, etc. and (4) The Principals’ Cup, repackaged principals’ cup to also cover Girls’ version.


With the pronouncement of “Project, Lagos the Hub of Sports in Africa” so to name it, the achievements of His Excellency in Sports in Lagos State may just compare with what happened to Oshodi, under Governor Fashola which was hailed nationwide or more than nationwide. What is currently happening to Oshodi, how do we describe it? A dreamland! that may be a dream like Marthin Luther King Jr devine pronouncement “I have a dream”

The dream of this project has been aptly demonstrated in a two – in – one practical action.  When His Excellency Governor Akinwunmi Ambode visited the National Stadium, Surulere in 2017 with the Minister of Sports Mr. Solomon Dalung, and the visit of President Mohammadu Buhari to Lagos for the 10th colloquium of the Birth Day of Chief Bola Ahmed Tinubu. On the two occasions, the Governor (of Lagos State) hammered the same point “to collect the National Stadium, Surulere from the Federal Government of Nigeria, in order to save it from decay and develop it for usage for sports economy, social sports, sports tourism and general well being of the environment.


If this happens, the Federal Government of Nigeria should have struck  gold unknowingly. It would have been the case of the film titled “the … of Bagdad”. The actor was told, the gate to the venture he was going for was located “where it was not”. The actor was thoroughly confused. This was because the actor did not know where to approach again. He was just wandering about in that location when suddenly the earth surface beneath him gave way so he submerged into a cave that led him to where he was searching for.


Yes, the progress we are searching for in this nation Nigeria, Sport is a major outlet to gain access to it and particularly our Indigenous Traditional Sports, that we did not take seriously, they hold the ace. (There is going to be an article on this matter just mentioned later in the series.)


The Late Mr. Deji Tinubu elucidated on this “Hub” project further by saying “ we want to revive the sports culture in the state by creating an enabling environment for sports to thrive, reinvigorating school sports facilities, discovering and preparing the best talents for competitions and professionals sports careers, working with our clubs in the NPFL and lower leagues, on how to optimize match-day opportunities, adding excitement to our existing competitions, creating and partnering with new events and competitions, and investing massively in renewal of existing sports facilities as well as constructing new ones. We are working with local and international partners already”.


As a follow up to this commitment as stated above, in February 2017, Senior Special Assistant on Sports facilities and Infrastructure to Lagos State Governor, Mr. Bolaji Yusuf granted another full page interview in support of the goal of making Lagos Hub of Sports in Africa. He said “Governor Akinwunmi Ambode says, he wants to use sports to drive tourism and that means we have to prepare well. We have to take into consideration the size of the State, which has about 20million people. We did sports facility update and discovered we are far behind but the Governor has promised to have five new stadia across the five divisions (of Lagos State) in the span of this administration.


The state is looking at about 50, (recreational facilities) which means in every community, we’ll have recreational facilities in every LGA and LCDA… They will be used by physically challenged people too”.


That is very good; however this is where Traditional Indigenous Sports come to town. Where are the facilities for our Traditional Sports? Our major popular indigenous sports are Abula, Ayo, African Billiards, Dambe, Kokawa and Langa .


We just have to remember that our Traditional Sports Friendly man, the Pioneer Lagos State Sports Commission Chairman Late Mr. Deji Tinubu organized the 1st Lagos State Traditional Games Championship for secondary schools on three Traditional Sports of ABULA, AYO and KOKAWA [TRADITIONAL WRESTLING] on 12th – 14th October, 2016 at Campos Mini Stadium, Lagos Island. 14 secondary schools participated in female while 15 participated in male categories in Abula while 24 and 27 schools participated in female and male categories respectively in Ayo. Afrotradosports hereby pays tribute to our friend, a benefactor, a pioneering supporter and promoter of our Traditional Sports. May his soul be accepted into paradise [amen]. We pay you GREAT TRIBUTE, that that permanent smile on your face while you were alive will never disappear where you are in heaven.


Finally in this March 2018, confirming the idea of Lagos becoming Hub of Sports in Africa, the new Chairman of Lagos State Sports Commission, who had taken up that position when Late Mr. Deji Tinubu moved to another sphere of endeavour in the Lagos State set up before his demise, Dr. Kweku Adedayo Tandoh has just effected a major reform in Lagos State Traditional Sports Association by spreading the five sports in the association to be supervised by five vice chairmen under a co-ordinating chairman. These supervising vice chairmen will be specializing in the Traditional Sports they supervise.


This is a great innovation. It is highly commended. Traditional Sport Federation of Nigeria [TSFN] should take note.


The BIG QUESTIONS from is: What is in the HUB for our indigeneous African Traditional Sports?  


Thank you.



Mallam Elias Yusuf

6 – 04 – 2018





ABULA GAME is one of the arrow-heads traditional sports in the promotion and popularization of our indigenous games in Nigeria and Africa. As the Abula Game was invented in the month of February, 1984 and to really appreciate the pioneer player, participants, supporters and promoters of the Abula Game, I am highly elated to recall this article in order to show that the pioneer lovers of this game will continue to be reckoned with.

Team Lagos


This article is culled from the archive. It was published in TESCOM NEWS in 2004. It is just as relevant and fresh. It is handy enough to be used as the anniversary cake to celebrate, as Abula Game turned 34 on 8th February 2018. Abula, share your anniversary cake as follows:

Abula was invented and first played as a full game on the 8th of February, 1984 at Idi-Araba High School (IDHS) Mushin, Lagos State, by Mr. E.F Yusuf (now popularly called in Tradition Sports circle as Mallam Elias Yusuf). He was the then Sports master of Idi-Araba High School under the examplary leadership of Mrs. M.J. Elegbeleye, the then Principal of the School. She provided a conducive atmosphere to the development of the game and its initial growth. On 22nd February 1984, two experts from the Physical and Health Education Department, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Dr. A.A. Adebayo and Mr. A.O. Philips saw the game played at IDHS. They rated the game as being interesting and recommended it. This was the first experts contribution to the game. It was a major morale booster for the game. After this, the Mushin SMC took an interest in the game through its sports unit under Mrs. Adeniji, Mr. Afuwape and supported by Alhaja Fagbenro under Prince A.O. Oyenuga, the then Secretary of Mushin SMC. Subsequent Secretaries of Mushin SMC that recognized the game were Mr. A.A. Sopehin and Mr.A.O Adeogun.


What is Abula? Abula is a ball game developed on the principles of balanced diet as epitomized by the Yoruba Traditional dish called Abula. The Abula dish is as old as the Yoruba civilization. It is made up of Amala (carbohydrate base), gbegiri (protein base), ewedu (mineral salt base) and oil (fat and oil base). So Abula game has several physical activities embedded in it when being played in a game’s situation. Such include standing, walking, short runs, squatting, bending, jumping, volleying, spiking, diving etc. All interwoven while playing the Abula game. It is a four aside game played in a court of 16m by 8m over a high net in the middle. It goes the length of 16points to win a normal game.


In 1989 Abula was one of the projects that represented Lagos State at the National Instructional Materials Exhibition in Ilorin, Kwara State through Mr. Bombata.


From there, the inventor picked up the courage to formally seek formal approval for the game. So in 1990 the Lagos State Ministry of Education granted an approval for the spreading of the game round Lagos State Schools and later gave approval for the formation of Abula game’s club in post primary schools in Lagos State in other to give practical expression to the earlier approval, so that the game would be established in schools. This led to the formation of the clubs in schools. The first launched Abula club in the schools was at Bolade Grammar School on 1st June 1996 under the leadership of Mrs. F.O Ajaguna, the then Principal of the school. Other schools that established Abula game then were Igbobi Girls High School under Mrs. A.O Ogini, Government College Ikorodu, under Alhaji Okuboyejo, Festac College under Mrs. E.K Aroyewun, Apostolic Grammar School under Mrs. Farinu, Ajao Estate Grammar School, under Mrs. Uzoigwe, Mushin Community High School under Mrs. Shade Kufo and Ilupeju College under Mr. Omotosho. As the schools were embracing Abula, the basic Educational Services further approved Abula as one of the schools sports in Lagos State under the then Lagos State School Sports Federation.


This was under Mrs. V.O. Ogunmodede with her staff members like Mr. T. Ayoade, Mr. Odunowo and Miss Shittabey promoting the game from Parker House, Igbobi. Infact, Mr. Ayoade was instrumental to the publication of study materials on Abula and African Billiards in social studies book for primary schools in Lagos State.


However, before the series of approval of Abula by Lagos State Ministry of Education, the inventor had spread the game to Oduduwa Secondary School under Mr. Popoola (1987), He was the first Principal of school to accept Abula outside Idi-Araba High School. The inventor brought the game to Ajumoni Secondary School (1988), when he was deployed there as Ag. Vice Principal. At Ajumoni, Chief Faberabo even supported the game to take part in the National Technology Exhibition week in 1990. In 1992, the inventor was deployed as Vice Principal to Ewetuntun Grammar School where he met Mr. Dele Oyeleru an Agric teacher who embraced the game so much that he was later selected as Honorary National Coach of Abula by a private group that formed Abula Federation of Nigeria under Alhaji A.B Fashola. When the inventor was redeployed to Bolade Grammar School Oshodi (1993) as VP the game was established there with Mrs. Ajaguna as Principal. When she was redeployed to LAFRO, Mrs. Ajaguna established Abula there. Bolade Grammar School received Productivity Certificate through the Abula Family Game (AFAGA) which was exhibited at Alausa in one of the productivity week programmes under the leadership of Mrs. Amodeni.


It should be noted that it has been among the players trained in these schools that have represented Lagos State at the National Sports Festival in BENUE 96, IMO 98, BAUCHI 2000 and EDO 2002. Some of these players have also become coaches and technical officials in Abula. The Abula coaches for Imo, Niger, Oyo and Delta States finished from these schools.


Messrs Awosika, Megbowon, Aminu and others contributed to the general acceptance of the game through  its publication in this professional magazine, TESCOM NEWS. The inventor received letter of commendation from PPTESCOM following Abula receiving International Olympic Committee patronage in 1994 through Sports For All Nigeria and the Nigeria Olympic Committee Lagos State Ministry of Education also sent a letter of commendation.


In 1998, Lagos State Government, through Ministry of Information, Culture and Sports sent a letter of commendation to the inventor, describing him as an asset to the state and humanity following Abula, becoming a scoring event at the 11th National Sports Festival, Imo 98. PPTESCOM has been very forward-looking as she  always released the inventor and his close associates Messr. S.A Daudu, Dele Oyeleru, Olaewe, Tunji Ogunbambi and others to participate in programmes such as the 3rd World Festival of Traditional Sports, Hannover 2000 in Germany and the 8th All Africa Games, Abuja 2003 and to several National Sports Festivals.


PART TWO: Abula Game spread to these states mentioned below as they have been part of the National Sports Festival at one National Sports Festival or the other. Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo, Rivers, Edo, Cross Rivers, Bayelsa, Imo, Benue, Kaduna , Bauchi, Niger State, Jigawa, Bornu, Plateau, Adamawa States and FCT Abuja.


PART THREE: The Game Abula was approved to be in the National Schools Curriculum of Nigeria by the 48th Session of National Council on Education and the Nigerian Educational Research And Development Council (2007).


Mr. Andrew Ekejiuba wrote a news talk on Abula, and it was broadcast on Radio Nigeria during this pioneering period to educate people on the game.


PART FOUR: The next levels for the game are: To be a game of mass participation in schools and the general public. For championships, leagues and several competitions. To have facilities all over the place especially in schools and to go international. To know more about Abula Game, visit:


By: Mallam Elias Yusuf

Lagos State Traditional Sports Championship for Secondary Schools 2016

1st Lagos State Traditional Sports Championship for Secondary Schools started on the 12th of October and ended on the 14th of October 2016 at Campos Mini Stadium,Lagos Island, Lagos State,Nigeria.

It was sponsored by the Lagos State Government under the mega performing Governor  of Lagos State, Governor Akinwunmi Ambode  with Mr Deji Tinubu, the Special Adviser on Sports in Lagos State and also the Chairman of Lagos State Sports Commission.

This is the first time that African Traditional Sports would receive such a boost in Nigeria in secondary Schools. This championship actually confirmed the statement made by the S.A on Sports , Mr Deji Tinubu in an extensive interview in a national news paper  in Nigeria a few weeks ago, that Lagos is poised to be the ‘’hub of  Sports in Africa’’. He started on a very highly correct, promising and inspiring note in taking Africa indigenous Sports to Schools.


As more of this type of championship are going to be in the offing , it is suggested that the theme of taking African Traditional Sports to schools should be;




In fact, this should be a project to be vigorously pursued in our schools as a means of injecting and promoting LOCAL CONTENT in Sports in our schools. This is to CHANGE our society from being mere consumers of foreign Sports.



1st ; Ajeromi Ifelodun Snr High School

2nd ; Eko Akete

3rd ; Onike Jnr High Sch


14 secodary  schools participated in this female category.


1st ; Cardoso Snr High sch

2nd ; Ajeromi Ifelodun Snr High sch

3rd ; Herbert Macauley High sch


15 secodary schools participated in this male category.





1st Oke  Joshua ; LAGOS-CITY COLEGE

2nd Nzurum Sunday; AKOKA JUNIOR HIGH SCH

3rd Agoro Babatunde; EWUTUNTUN SNR HIGH SCH

4th Obamuwagun Ayodeji; EVERGOODNEWS SCH

27 secodary schools participated in this category.



1st Aminu Khadijat ; LAFIAJI SNR HIGH SCH

2nd Omosuyi Ayomide ; AJEROMI IFELODUN SNR SCH

3rd Sanni Blessing ; ANTY AYO GIRLS

4th Iwuh Favour ; GASKIYA SNR GIRLS

24 Secondary schools participated in this category.